# Questions tagged [finite-groups]

Questions on group theory which concern finite groups.

513
questions with no upvoted or accepted answers

**48**

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881 views

### Class function counting solutions of equation in finite group: when is it a virtual character?

Let $w=w(x_1,\dots,x_n)$ be a word in a free group of rank $n$. Let $G$ be a finite group. Then we may define a class function $f=f_w$ of $G$ by
$$ f_w(g) = |\{ (x_1,\dots, x_n)\in G^n\mid w(x_1,\dots,...

**35**

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771 views

### Are there infinite versions of sporadic groups?

The classification of finite simple groups states roughly that every non-abelian finite simple group is either alternating, a group of Lie type, or a sporadic group.
For each of the groups of Lie ...

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872 views

### Is there a Mathieu groupoid M_31?

I have read something which said that the large amount of common structure between the simple groups $SL(3,3)$ and $M_{11}$ indicated to Conway the possibility that the Mathieu groupoid $M_{13}$ might ...

**29**

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1k views

### Next steps on formal proof of classification of finite simple groups

While people are steaming ahead on finessing the proof of the classification of finite simple groups (CFSG), we have a formal proof in Coq of one of the first major components: the Feit-Thompson odd-...

**28**

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580 views

### Mathieu group $M_{23}$ as an algebraic group via additive polynomials

An elegant description of the Mathieu group $M_{23}$ is the following: Let $C$ be the multiplicative subgroup of order $23$ in the field $F=\mathbb F_{2^{11}}$ with $2^{11}$ elements. Then $M_{23}$ is ...

**25**

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852 views

### Is every $p$-group the $\mathbb{F}_p$-points of a unipotent group

Let $\Gamma$ be a finite group of order $p^n$. Is there necessarily a unipotent algebraic group $G$ of dimension $n$, defined over $\mathbb{F}_p$, with $\Gamma \cong G(\mathbb{F}_p)$?
I have no real ...

**22**

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958 views

### Given a lattice L with n elements, are there finite groups H < G such that L $\cong$ the lattice of subgroups between H and G?

If there is no restriction on $n$, this is a famous open problem. I'm wondering if any recent work has been done for small $n>6$. I believe the question is answered (positively) for $n=6$ by ...

**21**

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539 views

### Density of first-order definable sets in a directed union of finite groups

This is a generalization of the following question by John Wiltshire-Gordon.
Consider an inductive family of finite groups:
$$
G_0 \hookrightarrow G_1 \hookrightarrow \ldots \hookrightarrow G_i \...

**18**

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567 views

### How is this group theoretic construct called?

Let $G$ be a finite group, $S\subset G$ a generating set, $|g| = |g|_S = $ word length with respect to $S$. Define the "defect" of $g,h$ to be
$$\psi(g,h) = |g|+|h|-|gh|$$
Then $\psi:G\times G \...

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2k views

### $G$ a group, with $p$ a prime number, and $|G|=2^p-1$, is it abelian?

During my research I came across this question, I proposed it in the chat, but nobody could find a counterexample, so I allow myself to ask you :
$G$ a group, with $p$ a prime number, and $|G|=2^p-1$, ...

**18**

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473 views

### Applications of the surjectivity of Brauer's decomposition map over arbitrary fields?

Recently I've been going over some of Serre's reformulation of Brauer theory with a student, following the influential treatment in Part III of Serre's lectures (revised 1971 French edition) later ...

**17**

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610 views

### Monstrous Langlands-McKay or what is bijection between conjugacy classes and irreducible representation for sporadic simple groups?

Context: The number of conjugacy classes equals to the number of irreducuble representations (over C) for any finite group. Moreover for the symmetric group and some other groups there is "good ...

**17**

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768 views

### What's the big deal about $M_{13}$?

$M_{13}$ is the Mathieu groupoid defined by Conway in
Conway, J. H. $M_{13}$. Surveys in combinatorics, 1997 (London), 1–11,
London Math. Soc. Lecture Note Ser., 241, Cambridge Univ. Press, ...

**17**

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465 views

### Maximum automorphism group for a 3-connected cubic graph

The following arose as a side issue in a project on graph reconstruction.
Problem: Let $a(n)$ be the greatest order of the automorphism group of a 3-connected cubic graph with $n$ vertices. Find a ...

**17**

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1k views

### What can be said about Schur indices, given only the character table?

Let $\chi$ be an irreducible (complex) character of a finite group, $G$. The Schur index $m_{K}(\chi)$ of $\chi$ over the field $K$ is the smallest positive integer $m$ such that $m\chi$ is afforded ...

**15**

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172 views

### Quantitative form of Wielandt's theorem

The following theorem was proved in [Helmut Wielandt. Eine Verallgemeinerung der invarianten Untergruppen. Mathematische Zeitschrift 45 (1939): 209-244.] a long time ago:
Theorem: (Wielandt) There ...

**15**

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490 views

### Is every normal subgroup of $SL_2(\mathbb{Z}/n)$ also normal inside $GL_2(\mathbb{Z}/n)$?

Is every normal subgroup of $SL_2(\mathbb{Z}/n)$ also normal inside $GL_2(\mathbb{Z}/n)$?
Of course, it suffices to ask the question when $n = p^m$ a prime power. In Classification of the Normal ...

**15**

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968 views

### How many sporadic simple groups are there, really?

I attended a talk by John Conway recently where he explained to us that the usual number, 26, was wrong, that there are in fact 27 sporadic simple groups. His reason was that the Tits group, which is ...

**15**

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848 views

### How much has been written down about Deligne's geometric approach to the order formula for a finite group of Lie type?

This is a follow-up to a recent mathoverflow question
34387
about computing the orders of finite unitary groups and the comments made there.
Between 1955 (Chevalley's Tohoku paper) and 1968 (...

**14**

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663 views

### Algebra for the Baby

I am reading the following article.
Ryba, Alexander J.E., A natural invariant algebra for the Baby Monster group., J. Group Theory 10, No. 1, 55-69 (2007). ZBL1228.20012..
Author works with 4370-...

**14**

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328 views

### What is the mathematical name for the anomaly for an action of a group on a lattice conformal field theory?

Suppose $V$ is a (bosonic) chiral conformal field theory which is "holomorphic" in the sense that its category of vertex modules is trivial. (The definition of "chiral conformal field theory" might be ...

**13**

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229 views

### Galois groups of special polynomials

This question is motivated by long experiments with GAP.
Call a monic polynomial with integer coefficients special in case it is irreducible and has only coefficients $-1$, $0$ or $1$. Let $n \geq 5$....

**13**

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350 views

### A hard Lefschetz theorem for nilCoxeter algebras

Let $W$ be a finite Coxeter group and $\mathcal{N}(W)$ its nilCoxeter
algebra (over the reals, say), as defined at
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nil-Coxeter_algebra. $\mathcal{N}(W)$ has
a natural ...

**13**

votes

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553 views

### Finite groups inside an infinite group with the same homology

Suppose we have a triple of groups $G,H,K$ satisfying the following conditions:
$G$ and $H$ are finite groups and $K$ is an infinite group.
there exist two monomorphisms $G \rightarrow K \leftarrow H$...

**12**

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324 views

### Non-isomorphic groups with same character tables and different Brauer character tables

Let $A$ be a discrete valuation ring with perfect residue field $k$ of characteristic $p$ and field of fractions $K$ of characteristic $0$. Let $G$ and $H$ be two finite groups and assume that $K$ is ...

**12**

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687 views

### What properties characterize the function $L(x) = x+\exp(x) \log(x)$?

As might be known, the function $L(x) = x+\exp(x)\log(x)$ plays a prominent role in the Lagarias formulation of the Riemann hypothesis:
$$\sigma(n) \le H_n + \exp(H_n) \log(H_n)$$
My question is, ...

**12**

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185 views

### Non-Boolean Eulerian interval of finite groups

An Eulerian subgroup lattice is Boolean (see here), so it is natural to wonder whether it is also true for an interval of finite groups. The smallest non-Boolean Eulerian lattice is the following:
It ...

**12**

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577 views

### Bijection between conjugacy classes and irreducible representation of Weyl group = Langlands correspondence over "field with one element"

Context: The number of conjugacy classes equals to the number of irreducuble representations (over C) for any finite group.
Moreover for the symmetric group there is well-known "natural bijection" ...

**12**

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390 views

### Elements of order 3 normalizing no non-identity 2-subgroups in Almost Simple Groups

This question is partly motivated by a situation which arises in modular representation theory. A finite group $G$ is said to be almost simple if $G$ has a unique minimal normal subgroup which is a ...

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664 views

### $2$-group with two isomorphic normal subgroups of index $4$ with non-isomorphic quotients

Hypothesis: Let $P$ be a finite $2$-group with two isomorphic normal subgroups $M$ and $N$ such that $P/M\cong C_4$ (the cyclic group of order $4$) while $P/N\cong C_2^2$. By the lattice theorem, ...

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1k views

### Non split extension isomorphic (as a group) to a split extension

$\def\Z{\mathbb{Z}}$
Let $A$ be a finite abelian group and $G$ a finite group acting on $A$.
Then the extension $0 \to A \to E \to G \to 1$ is splits if and only if the corresponding $2$-cocycle is ...

**12**

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977 views

### Cyclic Sylow $p$-subgroup in finite simple groups

I came accross a beautiful and "simple" (no pun intended) theorem, mentioned here in slide 14 by Jack Schmidt.
All finite simple groups have a cyclic
Sylow $p$-subgroup for some $p$
I found ...

**11**

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405 views

### Cyclic and prime factorizations of finite groups

A tuple $(A_1,\dots,A_n)$ of subsets of a finite group $G$ is called a factorization of $G$ if $G=A_1\cdots A_n$ and $|A_1|\cdots|A_n|=G$.
In Cryptology factorizations of groups are known as ...

**11**

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301 views

### Is the norm element characteristic in modular group rings?

Let $G$ be a finite $p$- group and let $\varphi$ be an automorphism of $\mathbb{F}_pG$ as $\mathbb{F}_p$-algebras and let $n = \sum_{g\in G} g$ be the norm element. Does it follow that $\varphi(n)=n$?
...

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378 views

### Detecting a module for the free group algebra on a finite quotient

Let $F_2$ be the free group on two generators $x,y$ and let $R$ be the group algebra $\mathbf{Q}[F_2]$. Let $a,b,c$ be integers. Then define a right $R$-module
$M = R / (ax + by + c) R$.
I am ...

**11**

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654 views

### Solving a set of equations in a finite symmetric group

A standard way to find solutions to a finite set of equations in a finite symmetric group
${\rm S}_n$ is to take the equations as relators of a finitely presented group, to use
the low index subgroups ...

**10**

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202 views

### Which irreducible representations of the symmetric group are eigenspaces of class sums?

In the setting of complex representations of finite groups, a class sum $1_C=\sum_{g\in C} g$ acts on an irreducible representation $V$ as $\lambda(C,V)\operatorname{Id}$, where $\lambda(C,V)=|C|\...

**10**

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238 views

### $K$-theory spectrum of the category of finite groups

(I asked some people this question in person and got the answer "no", but wanted to see if the Internet had more to say)$
\newcommand{\FinGrp}{\mathbf{FinGrp}}
$
Way back in my first group theory ...

**9**

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109 views

### Tensor products of irreducible representations of $GL_{2}(\mathbb{F}_{q})$

Throughout the post $G = GL_{2}(\mathbb{F}_{q})$ where $q$ is a prime power with the prime not being 2.
Let $V_{1}$ and $V_{2}$ be cuspidal representations of $G$ over $\mathbb{C}$. I can understand ...

**9**

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326 views

### Which finite solvable groups have solvable automorphism groups?

Is it possible to give a reasonable description of those finite solvable groups $G$ such that $A = {\rm Aut}(G)$ is also solvable?
The central case to deal with is that in which $G$ is a $p$-group of ...

**9**

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512 views

### Sufficient condition for complementation of abelian normal subgroup

Suppose that we are given a finite $p$-group $G$ and an abelian normal subgroup $A$ of $G$. The question I have is whether any sufficient conditions are known for $A$ to have a complement in $G$. From ...

**9**

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99 views

### Smith normal form of conjugacy class actions

This question was inspired by Smith Normal Form of a Cayley Graph of the Symmetric Group.
Let $\mathbb{Q}S_n$ denote the group algebra over $\mathbb{Q}$ of the
symmetric group $S_n$. Identify a ...

**9**

votes

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133 views

### Permutation groups with diameter $O(n \log n)$

I suspect that many permutation puzzles can be solved in $O(n \log n)$ moves, which has led me to the following question/conjecture:
Suppose that
1. $P_i$ for $i<k=O(1)$ are permutations on an $n$ ...

**9**

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158 views

### When is the rank 2 free metabelian group of exponent $n$ center free?

Let $M_n$ be the rank 2 free metabelian group of exponent $n$. For which $n$ is $M_n$ center-free?
The abelianization $M_n^{ab}\cong C_n\times C_n$, so the commutator subgroup $M_n'$ is a cyclic $(\...

**9**

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402 views

### "A remarkable Moufang loop"

The 1985 paper A simple construction of the Fischer-Griess monster group by Conway refers to an "in press" article, A remarkable Moufang loop, with an application to the Fischer group $Fi_{24}$, by ...

**9**

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277 views

### An abstract zero-sum problem

I would like to know whether the problem described below has appeared in the literature and/or whether similar questions have been studied. I would be very happy to find some references or, if none ...

**8**

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180 views

### Is there a finite group with nontrivial $H^2$ but vanishing $H^4$, $H^5$, and $H^6$?

Is there a finite group $G$ such that the group cohomology $\mathrm{H}^2_{\mathrm{gp}}(G; \mathbb{Z}/2)$ is nontrivial but $\mathrm{H}^4_{\mathrm{gp}}(G; \mathbb{Z}/2)$, $\mathrm{H}^5_{\mathrm{gp}}(G;...

**8**

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246 views

### Does there exist a nontrivial perfect group with a "locally commuting" presentation?

EDIT: I originally insisted that the perfect group in question be finite, however I now realize that I do not need this condition, only that the generators used in the presentation have finite order. ...

**8**

votes

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198 views

### Computing the number of elementary abelian p-subgroups of rank 2 in $GL_{n}(\mathbb{F}_{p})$

Let $p$ be a prime number, and let $\mathbb{F}_{p}$ be a finite
field of order $p$. Let $GL_{n}(\mathbb{F}_{p})$ denote the general linear
group and $U_{n}$ denote the unitriangular group of $n\times ...

**8**

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132 views

### Finite groups with unbounded commutator width and no nontrivial central chief factor

The commutator width of a group is the smallest $n$ such that every product of commutators is a product of $n$ commutators.
My initial question was:
Do there exist finite perfect groups with ...